Exhaust System Repair, Pollution and/or Performance

All cars have exhaust systems. These are meant to release burnt gases from the engine resulting from combustion that takes place inside the engine. The system has pipes that direct the flow of gases towards the discharge end, usually known as the silencer (in Europe) and a muffler (in North America).

The gases that are released by the car’s exhaust system are toxic, and harmful for health. As a matter of fact, the discharge of these burnt gases from the car is necessary to keep the car in an efficient running form.

The system needs to be repaired if it is malfunctioning. As mentioned above that the exhaust system deals with toxic gases, therefore its repair must be done by a trained and skillful mechanic who is reputable. Knowledge and expertise are required for exhaust system repair and it should be done by a professional mechanic.

There are some benefits of keeping the car exhaust system in proper working condition. For example, it keeps a fresh environment by not releasing a huge quantity of toxic gases; it keeps the drivers and car users safe from inhaling harmful gases; and on economical aspect, it gives better fuel mileage. A combination of these benefits provides sufficient reasons to go for regular repair and maintenance of the car’s exhaust system. By incurring little costs at regular intervals, one would be safe from huge costs and future hazards.

The exhaust system must be protected against rust or corrosion. The exhaust system may get rusted due to several reasons. Moisture is the biggest reason behind corrosion. The combustion itself is a process that creates moisture as a by-product. The combustion process creates moisture, which when heated, converts into vapors and discharges through the exhaust pipe. The moisture must be heated enough to convert into vapors; however, short drives do not make that happen and moisture turns back into liquid upon cooling down. This causes corrosion. This problem could be eradicated either by longer drives of roughly 15 miles in one go, or by installing a stainless pipe in the exhaust system. Good quality muffler or silencer also reduces the rate of corrosion; therefore, only the OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturers) muffler/silencer should be purchased. In certain regions of the world, salt is sprinkled over the roads during the winter season. Some amount of salt also sticks to the bottom of the car in consequence of a continuous drive over such roads. Therefore, it must be ensured that the car is washed every few weeks in order to wash away those salt deposits. By following these tips, one can increase the life of the car’s exhaust system.

Are Automotive Brakes Getting Smarter?

A number of recent engineering developments in automotive brakes technology is starting to show up in many new vehicles this year. Auto manufacturers have been testing new features over the last few years, searching for the optimum features that will make vehicles safer to drive for motorists.

These improvements are changing the way brakes react when a car is in motion, and the variety of additional safety features are helping drivers stay safer and avoid collisions on the road.

Forward Collision Warnings

One such feature is a forward collision warning, which uses radars and cameras installed in the front of the vehicle to identify objects or other cars that are suddenly within close range of its path. Several audible or physical warnings – lights or chimes on the instrument display panel or a vibration in the steering wheel or driver’s seat, for example – notify the driver of the need for a hard stop.

If the driver does not react in time or doesn’t brake hard enough, some systems will apply an automatic brake assist to help avoid or reduce the impact of a collision. Some automakers have taken further measures to install similar systems for blind spots that a driver can’t see, or when backing out of a space where a view of oncoming traffic from either direction is impaired.

Lane Departure Warnings

A similar safety feature called a lane departure warning is designed to notify drivers who are either distracted or falling asleep at the wheel when the car deviates beyond lane markings on the road. Here, the camera and sensor record a driving pattern while the car is moving and alerts the driver with an audio warning when the car deviates from that pattern for no apparent reason.

The system typically works in tandem with rear view and side mirrors, showing a blinking cursor on the mirror and the front display, to go along with the audible signal to alert the driver.

Anti-Lock Brakes

The first “advanced” automotive brakes employed anti-lock systems that allowed drivers to retain traction and steering control when braking suddenly, either on wet surfaces or due to sudden obstacle. Here, a driver’s reaction time and behavior is still a factor, since they must brake hard, stay on the brake to fully actuate the system, then steer away from the danger.

By applying steady brake pressure, the system will pulse the automotive brakes to allow the tires to regain traction enough to minimize the impact or avoid a collision altogether. A speed sensor monitors the car at all times, looking for a rapid deceleration in the wheels as a signal to apply the anti-lock assistance.

Predictive Brake Assist

Predictive braking is another modern concept that works in tandem with an advanced Cruise Control system to maintain a safe distance between vehicles automatically. If the system senses a hard stop will be necessary, it prepares brake components in advance to apply enough power to stop the vehicle in the shortest distance possible.

These innovations in automotive brakes will save countless lives by eliminating a margin of error when brakes are not applied quickly enough or hard enough to minimize the impact of a life-threatening collision, or eliminate one altogether.

The Automotive Employment Market Is Still an Open Playing Field

In the automotive employment market there are still very attractive job opportunities available all over the world. So if you are in the automotive employment market and want to make a change there are still a lot of opportunities all over the world.

In this modern world there do exist a massive shortage highly skilled automotive technicians all over the world. So if you are a highly skilled auto technician you can choose where you want to work in the world.

By just applying on one of the many automotive recruitment companies web pages, and they will search a job opportunity for you any place in the world. The fact is that a lot of emerging automotive markets have opened up in reasoned years, due to the power shift in the automotive industry.

This automotive employment market is going to become even bigger in the future as all new type of cars is going to hit the market. Like all the “EV” cars that are still in the prototype phase. All these cars will have new technology implemented into them, so new personnel must be trained to work on them in the future.

This will bring a paradigm shift into this automotive employment market, even the training methods and the skill sets that must be trained have to change in the very near future.

This will cause the manufacturers to start running extensive training and develop programs, to have highly skilled technicians to assist them to establish their brand. There will be coming new brands and brand name into the playing field and these brands will need to still build their names in the market place.

To build a brand name you need a powerful after sales service you can assist your customers with. This alone will create a new automotive employment market to the auto industry; just imagine an electronic or chemical engineer working at your local car dealership.

It may sound farfetched but it is possible as the cars in the future will be driven with power plants like fuel cells, hydrogen emission and electric motors. All of this is going to come to the market place in this modern world sooner than most of us do realize. So the predictions are that a big portion of the existing automotive workforce will leave.

They will leave this workforce as they are from the old school with old school principles that will become extinct with this new technology. The human tendencies are that you will stay ignorant if you become a member of the old school club. This only happens as the older people were conditioned that they can only learn something up to a certain age. All of us know this is not true but the system wants them to leave as it is harder to change and old horse to get rid of his or her habits

The system was created to develop a group of slaves that would be easier to condition, into what this slave system needs and not what the workers needs. That is one of the reasons why the older leading hands in the automotive employment market gets removed or retrenched. The general modern business conceptions are that older people are resisters to modern business, as they don’t want to change.

If all this highly skilled people are removed in the future the whole automotive industry will suffer a massive skills and brain lost that could have passed on to the younger people. Findings are that most of this older people in the automotive industry don’t want to share their knowledge and skills anymore, because they don’t see themselves as resistors for future development in the automotive industry.

So the automotive employment market will suffer great losses in the near future, due to this phenomenon.

Six Tips for Thwarting Auto Thieves with an Automotive Security System

According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics (www.ojp.usdoj.gov) over three quarters of all crimes in the U.S. are made up of property crimes and certainly automobile theft is among the most prevalent. Automobiles are easier targets than homes in many cases as they are high dollar items, in high demand, and can be driven away within seconds leaving behind virtually no clues as to the identity of the thief.

Although manufacturers have continued to provide basic automotive security features, additional measures are needed as thieves continue to adapt to devices on the market.

For first time buyers unfamiliar with the options, the decisions related to purchasing an automotive security system can be daunting. However, there are a core set of features that should be considered which will help consumers select an effective system with less frustration.

o An automotive security system should provide a first line of defense that warns would be intruders that a particular vehicle is protected. Some type of visual reminder such as a flashing light on the dash or stickers that indicate security are simple deterrents.

o A second line of defense is audible alerts; sirens and alarms that sound when a breach is attempted. This security feature brings unwanted attention to the break in and slows the thief down in attempts to eliminate the sound. These should be sufficiently sensitive and should detect any breach. They should trigger when windows are broken, doors are opened, the hood is raised, and so forth. Motion detectors and infrared sensing are common. A good siren will continue to operate even when power from the battery is cut off in attempt to eliminate the warning. Some of the best automotive security systems will also notify the owner when a breach occurs so that they can check on the vehicle or notify law enforcement.

o Another feature of an effective automotive security system is an immobilizer or kill switch to shut off the ignition/starter or perhaps the fuel pump. Certainly, such features make driving off with the car extremely difficult. Some systems will even lock the hood when activated to prevent access to the engine and other mechanical components. At this point it is also important to consider that a device that is located so that it is difficult for thieves to find and disable can be critical as well as this can additionally delay the thief.

o As thieves have continued to adapt to newer automotive security systems, higher tech methods are employed to gain access to vehicles. Code rolling is an excellent feature that prevents thieves from picking up the codes used to gain entry to the car by using a type of code grabbing device. Code rolling changes the codes used by a driver’s keyless entry device each time it is used.

o Another option to consider is a tracking system. As far as automotive security systems are concerned these are not a deterrent but a retrieval system. This type of security system allows a vehicle to be tracked and recovered if it is stolen. Some systems are activated only once law enforcement is notified but ideally the system would activate immediately once the car is taken. Some of these systems will notify the owner by e-mail, pager, or phone when the car is moved.

o A final consideration when purchasing an automotive security system is how effective it will be in avoiding annoying false alarms. Some systems can have the sensitivity adjusted to keep false alarms to a minimum while others are able to identify malfunctioning sensors and shut them down until repaired. Newer automotive security systems also offer dual zone sensing which produce only a small chirping alarm for minor occurrences, such as a bump on the side of the car versus a full blown alarm for more intrusive occurrences.

Certainly cars are a significant investment that is attractive to amateur as well as professional car thieves but consumers can tilt the odds significantly in their favor with the addition of an up-to-date automotive security system.

Automotive Mailing Lists

Are you discouraged in your search for quality automotive mailing lists? Too many providers offer re-hashed and resold lists that are not up to date or accurate. For most dealers and parts retailers, accurate information is key for any direct mail or telemarketing effort. Sometimes a warranty company may purchase bulk lists that were mostly inaccurate only to find it costs them more to have a bad list than the extra cost of an accurate and solid list. Finding this balance is critical for any direct marketing effort and is imperative for a successful campaign.

Some of the better automotive mailing lists include ‘up to date’ (weekly updated) year make and model data. To find out how accurate a vendor is, you should be asking questions like “when was the file last updated?” and “how many new records come into the system on a typical update?” You should see a consistency in the answers and the ability to test small and grow is critical instead of throwing all of your eggs into one basket so to speak. In addition to the year, make and model data, credit data offers two great products.

For subprime buyers, credit scored data along with current loan information such as how many months are remaining and the size of the loan and monthly payments are useful for direct marketing. Some dealers that will target those that have marginal credit that have less than 3 months remaining on their current car. This audience is great because though they look forward to not having a car payment, many are already ready to get a new car. Your ability to target repeatedly this audience will pay-off as they start to consider buying their next vehicle. Another variation of the credit score automotive mailing list is the credit triggered list which should come out daily.

These daily triggers are the most potent form of automotive mailing lists that currently exists. One of the biggest issues that dealers have is that these trigger leads exist. Their controversy can be your edge if you embrace the idea that people like to shop. Some of the best deals are closed after a customer has looked around first and that is why triggers have been a staple of the credit bureau database for so long. There is no better way to find interested and qualified buyers period. The biggest drawback is that they have already gone to a funding source for a quote but that does not mean you can’t come in with a better offer (better car and better financing package).

The challenge in general with automotive mailing lists is to find the one that is reasonably priced but that is highly targeted. Generating a massive qualified response and selling cars is what the name of the game is so make sure you have a vendor that gets it and a mailing list that is both targeted and accurate otherwise you are just throwing money down the tube.

Do Your Own Small Automotive Electrical Repairs

At the age of plus minus 13, I came across a small, old motorcycle and decided to revamp it all on my own. One electrical mistake made by me, nearly caused that bike to burn to the ground. As it was burning, I tried to pull the burning wires off. Those burning wires caused serious damages and burns to my hands that day.

Which resulted in the project being delayed while my hands were healing. Realizing I need to get help from my older brother as he had more electrical knowledge than I had. That pain and damages did not cause me not to become an auto electrician in later years, I am possessing an auto electrical repair shop for the past 20 years.

This is not to scare you not to do your own small electrical repairs on your vehicle yourself. However, I like to give some advice that the same things do not happen to you. If you have any knowledge about electrical and a few elementary tools, you can tackle small electrical defects on your car.

First you have to become an electrical diagram for your car, and you must make sure it is the right one for your cars model and make

Where to find a wiring diagram for your car

· Go online and see if you can find a free download of the diagram you need diagram.

· There are complete workshop manuals for sale online.

· If you have a friend with the same make and model find out if he haven’t got a manual, then you can make copies.

· If you know somebody that is working at a dealership, you may ask him but take note dealerships normally have an agreement with their employees, about sharing info to any customer.

Where to buy the basic tools

· Start with your local spares shop, normally they have some tools for sale.

· If you want to buy quality tools, you will need to find a shop that specializes just in tools.

· The bigger convenient shops do normally keep the basic tools in stock

Just a word of caution if want to buy a test light, make sure you do become one that is fitted with L.E.D’s. As a normal test light with a globe can cause damages to modern cars that are equipped with electronic systems.

For any small automotive electrical defect on your car, you must use your diagram to find all the fuse boxes in your car. All modern cars do have multiple fuse boxes.

The way to go for you as a novice after you has found all the fuse boxes. Then by using your test light and touching the fuses, the test light must illuminate on both ends of the fuses. If the test light only illuminates on the one side of the fuse this means that the fuse is blown.

Then you must make sure you replace that blown fuse with an appropriate amperage fuse. Replacing that blown fuse may solve your problem. If your actions do not solve the problem, you can decide to call on an auto electrician.

If that fuse you have replaced keeps on blowing there is a short on the car, and your problem is more serious than you thought. Never replace a blown fuse with a fuse that has a higher amperage rate than the one you have removed.

Because that is what caused my bike to burn and can cause your car to burn as well.

Automotive Marketing on the Web

We are in the generation where the Internet plays a big role in our daily lives. Its contribution is a big help in terms of reaching out to the world from our own homes or wherever else. Aside from personal use, it also influences the businessmen in the world to publish their business online. In particular, automotive sellers have been considering using the Internet advantage in boosting their sales through automotive direct mail marketing.

Why use automotive direct mail? This is because direct mail is flexible. A businessman can reach a great number of people in a very convenient way. And, on top of that, this method is also practically costless because everything one needs is an Internet connection and a list of leads.

Many car dealers prefer using the automotive direct marketing because they believe that a one-on-one contact between the buyer and the seller is a good start to build a good relationship and strong trust for each other. But what does marketing really mean? Dictionary.com defines it simply as, “to offer for sale or to sell.” Having an effective marketing system is a great start to sell your products or services. You should know all the parts, for an example, of the car you are selling. You should know not even just the parts but all the information about the car or any automotive equipment that you are offering to your buyer or client. It may sound awkward, but you have to give them all the positive side of your product and service in order for you to convince your clients. Of course, all the information should be true and reliable. You cannot just create a story about the car or equipment.

In automotive marketing, you should think of a better headline for your ads, in order for the automotive buyers to at least find your ads interesting. You should also consider your price. It should really be competitive with the others. And last, you should have your proof about the equipment you are about to sell. With all these Internet-based business techniques, you could just be clicks away from a future empire.

How to Pursue a Career in Automotive and Diesel

The automotive and diesel industry supplies several educational training opportunities to students that have a desire to work on automobiles. Students can learn how to pursue a career in automotive and diesel by completing a program based on a particular area of the field such as auto body repair. Vocational colleges offer training programs that teach students to understand automotive and diesel components from a professional standpoint.

Pursing education takes multiple steps, the most important of which is to complete a degree program. Before students can enter that step however they need to decide which area of the industry is for them. Many students know what area of the field to enter to make their goals a reality. Students that don’t know which area of the field they would like to pursue should take the time to research their options. This step will tell students what educational programs they need to complete as well as what level of training needs to be worked through. Automotive and diesel training is predominantly offered at vocational colleges.

Once an area of study is selected students can move onto completing programs. This second and highly imperative step is the only way to gain entry into many career fields. The next step is worked through once students complete training, which is gaining any necessary certification or licensure. For example, automotive service technicians typically need to obtain certification from the National Institute for Automotive Service Technicians before being hired by employers. This certification centers on subject areas that include knowledge of electrical systems, manual transmissions, and brakes. Each part of the industry has its own professional requirements that students need to be aware of before graduating from programs. After these primary steps are completed students are ready to enter the automotive and diesel industry.

Common programs can include:

*Auto Body

Mechanics in this part of the field work exclusively on the cosmetic repairs that are associated with structural and interior parts of cars and light trucks. Coursework covers non-structural damage, panel repair, body filling, glass repair, anti-collision technology, and more. Students learn the procedures followed to estimate repair costs and understand the limits of repairs on damaged areas.

*Automotive Service Management

Programs in this area are typically for students that have years of experience being automotive and diesel professionals because they understand how to work on steering, engine repair, and more. Training focuses on taking work experience and applying it to an education in management. Students work through courses that enable them to maintain businesses by facilitating the employee and service areas of the industry.

*Diesel Mechanics

Students learn to maintain and repair diesel-operated vehicles. This includes large trucks, heavy equipment, cranes, and more. Courses provide students with the knowledge to work on engines that are incorporated into transportation, farming, and construction industries. Hydraulics, suspensions, and diagnostics are some topics studied.

Students can start pursuing their desired careers by deciding which accredited automotive and diesel schools and colleges are for them. The National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence ( http://www.ase.com/ ) accredits programs that offer quality training for professional careers. Training will have students becoming professionals in two years or less so begin the process of education today.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised at PETAP.org.

Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved by PETAP.org.

Where to Shop for Automotive Parts and Equipment

A complete range of automotive tools and equipment can be found online. Consumers do have the advantage when shopping on the Internet, as they are not only provided quality merchandise, but merchandise at a discount. Top providers on the Internet will stock a wide range of automotive tools and equipment from recognized brands in the industry. Many consumers are turning to the Internet due to its affordability. Automotive tools and equipment, are expensive, and if you are in search of parts that are hard to find, the Internet is often the best source there is. When you begin to shop and compare the various online sites, you will notice that the greater reputability a company has, the more automotive tools and equipment they will offer. Automotive tools and equipment are necessary at some point in time for every driver that performs repairs on their vehicle. Workshops require automotive equipment that is specific to repairs so that they can safely and efficiently perform the repairs.

What types of automotive tools & equipment will you find online?

Automotive equipment will include all the automotive equipment that is found in the marketplace today such as:

* Tire changers

* Suspension and brake testing systems

* Brake lathes

* Short and mid-rise lifts

* Pit lifts

* Post lifts

* Mobile column lifts

* Auto lift equipment

* Wheel alignment and wheel balancers

* And, more

Other types of automotive equipment and automotive tools that you will find from the online vendors that are used by both the automotive shops and the home mechanics will include:

Lubrication Equipment: Each vehicle on the market has so many moving parts that comprise the operation of the vehicle and each of these moving parts need lubrication. Grease valves, oil meters and oil pumps are just some of the lubrication equipment that you will find online.

Air compressors: Air compressors are used to inflate a tire or tires. They may also be used to operate other pneumatic tools, as it is a source of compressed air. Air compressors come in many different makes and designs such as the electric powered, gas powered or diesel powered.

Other Automotive Tools: Other automotive tools that are used in both the industry and by the at home mechanic are hammers, dollies, screwdrivers, jacks, and monitors. These are specific for automotive repairs and automotive tools that the online vendor should have a variety to offer.

Service and Exhaust Equipment: For the shop or mechanic that is servicing vehicles, the proper service and exhaust equipment is necessary. This equipment includes brake fluid exchangers, booster cables, paint, battery chargers and so on.

When you do find an online store that seems to provide you with exactly what you need, make certain that they are reputable. The online site should have everything in tact on their site from their terms and policies to their customer service. Also, a description of each product that they offer to the consumer should be detailed. Dealing online is one of the greatest advantages to the consumer, and in the auto industry, the advantage is even greater.

Selecting Automotive Navigational GPS

You get in your car with a destination in mind but you wonder, is there a best way to get there. There is a very easy answer to that question and it is called GPS (global positioning system) automotive navigation system. They will direct you to your destination in ways to keep you from getting lost. If you make a wrong turn you are directed the best way to get back on track. The automotive GPS can tell you which way to turn, show you on a 2D or 3D map which way plus written commands easy to follow.

How Automotive Navigation Works

The automotive navigation system locks into a number of satellites to triangulate your exact location. What it does is it overlays the maps to the precise latitude and longitude of your location. It will then guide you with easy to follow directions to your destination.

What to Look For in an Automotive GPS

Traveling by car is a real pleasure with proper navigational instructions to your destination. Think about how often you would need and automotive GPS. How much use and how much information you really need to enhance your travel. Navigational aids can provide you anything you want. A simple route around trouble spots along the highway construction maybe all you need. Points of interest can be attractions, fuel, shopping and restaurants and many others. The more fully loaded with information the higher the price.

Points of Interest or POI

Most automotive GPS systems include points of interest pre-programmed into the unit. They include locations of airports and other transportation services, ATMs and banks, hotels and a many other sites you have an interest in. There are updates available to the database for you to get the latest information on your favorite destinations.

There are full featured entry level models that have a lot of high tech options that are very inexpensive. The user no longer needs to know rocket science to operate the navigational aid. They are so simple to use while driving that your safety level goes up a few notches because of accurate directions less stress trying to decide which way to go.

Some other considerations in your selection would be do you need your aid to use a voice command to tell you which way to go? Or would simple text commands work for you or would you like to have both? Maybe a bright crisp clear screen to see the 2D or 3D map is enough with the commands to your destination displayed across the top of the screen will do. As little or as much as you would like to have is available and affordable.

You must have a system that provides multiple ways of getting to your destination. They can be by address, intersection, a personal address book or latitude and longitude from the map. No matter what your pleasure it is available to meet your needs.